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Classical conservatism of the 19th century: Burke

Burke developed a kind of conservative state contract theory in contrast to the abstract models of the social contract of liberal thinkers - : the state is a community between past, present and future generations:

"society is indeed a contract (...) a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are dead, and those who are to be born" ("Reflections on the Revolution in France", 1790).

In Burke's view, people stand in a historical continuum that must be preserved or, if threatened, always restored. Society is hierarchically structured and forms an organic unit based on a necessary balance between the principles of preservation and improvement - continuity and renewal - pay someone to do my homework . As a representative of historically developed law, he fundamentally rejected the French constitution on the basis of abstract principles of reason. Burke sees the right to political participation as linked to property; moreover, traditional power and property relations are to be protected. His defence of the "God-ordained harmony" could thus also serve to legitimise noble land ownership and its political weight and privileges. For many opponents of the social reorganisation in France, Burke had developed the political-ideological legitimation: He provided the theoretical justification against the revolutionary upheavals and for the restoration (restoration of pre-revolutionary conditions).

By translating Burke's central work ("Reflections on the Revolution in France", 1790), the Prussian publicist and politician Friedrich von Gentz (1764-1832) gave decisive impetus to conservative state thinking in 19th century Germany. Gentz was a source of ideas and close collaborator of the conservative politician Furst von Metternich (1773-1859), who, due to his powerful position as diplomat, foreign minister and state chancellor of the great European power Austria, was able to considerably influence the political reorganisation of continental Europe after the defeat of Napoleon. For him, the ideal state order was pure monarchy - social studies homework helper , as only it could legitimately preserve social order and state authority. In his collaboration with Metternich , Gentz became a protagonist of reaction during the Vormarz period and the most important mastermind of the repressive policy of the German Confederation (preparation of the Carlsbad Resolutions, foundation of the censorship policy, propagandist of Metternich's policy).

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